Every driver should know how to change their flat tyre. It’s a necessary skill because you’ll never know when it will happen, and you may not always have a smartphone on you to call for help from your family or your auto insurance company.
Changing a tyre may look difficult, but with the right tools, it is doable. The tools that you’ll need to fix are a jack, a lug wrench, a fully inflated spare tyre, and a vehicle manual.
Here are the things you should do if you have a flat tyre:
Stop at a safe location
After realizing that you have a flat tyre, do not make sudden breaks or turns. Slowly reduce your speed and stop at the side of the road. The ideal place to stop is an empty parking lot at a level ground. Once you stopped your car, turn on your hazard lights.
Stop your car from moving
Apply the parking brake once you stopped at a safe location to prevent it from rolling. You should also apply wheel wedges, bricks or large stones at the front or behind the tyres.
Loosen the lug nuts
If your vehicle has a hubcap covering the lug nuts, remove them with the flat end of your lug wrench. Then, use the same tool to turn the lug nuts counterclockwise. You may need a lot of force to loosen them. Remember not to loosen them completely, but only about a quarter to half of a turn, as you’ll do remove them completely before removing the tyre.
Raise your vehicle
With the lug nuts still intact, place the jack under your car frame alongside the flat tyre. Follow the car manual for instructions to lift and prevent damage to your car. With the jack secured, raise your vehicle until the flat tyre is six inches above the ground. Don’t put any body parts under the car when using the jack.
Remove the flat tyre
Now, you can unscrew the lug nut completely. Then, you can remove the
Replace with a new tyre
Take your spare tyre, line it with the lug bolts and slowly push the tyre in until the lug bolts show through the rim. Place the lug nuts back on the bolts and tighten them with your hands. Then, you can tighten them with a wrench after making sure the lug nuts are in.
Lower your car and check again
You can remove the jack when you car is lowered down to the ground. Make sure all the lug nuts are secure by tightening them again. Place back your hubcap if you have them.
And you’re done!
Hopefully, by following these instructions, you have successfully changed a flat tyre. Make sure you keep all your equipment and check the air pressure in your spare tyre before you start driving again.
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